Effects of accumulated versus continuous individualized exercise on postprandial glycemia in young adults with obesity: Exercise regimen and PPG in adults with obesity

Xiaoyuan ZHANG, Xiao Yu TIAN, Masashi MIYASHITA, Fenghua SUN, Wendy Y.J. HUANG, Chen ZHENG, Man Kuk SUM, Stephen H.S. WONG

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Abstract

Background: Elevated postprandial glucose (PPG) is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Post-meal exercise effectively reduces PPG concentrations. However, the effect of accumulated versus continuous post-meal exercise on PPG control remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the effects of individualized accumulated or continuous exercise on PPG in young adults with obesity.
Methods: Twenty young adults with obesity (11 males) completed three 4-h randomized crossover trials with 6–14-day washout periods: 1) sitting (SIT), 2) one 30-min walking bout (CONT), and 3) three 10-min walking bouts separated by 20-min resting (ACCU). Walking was initiated 20 min before individual PPG peak after breakfast, which was predetermined by continuous glucose monitoring. Blood samples were collected at 15-30 min intervals, and the 24-h glucose was monitored via continuous glucose monitoring.
Results: The 4-h PPG incremental area under the curve (iAUC) was 12.1%±30.9% and 21.5%±21.5% smaller after CONT (P = 0.022) and ACCU (P ˂0.001), respectively, than after SIT. PPG concentrations were lower during CONT at 30–60 min and during ACCU at 30–105 min after breakfast than during SIT (all P ˂0.05). The 4-h plasma insulin and C-peptide iAUC, and mean amplitude of glycemic excursions were lower after CONT and ACCU than after SIT (all P ˂0.05).
Conclusions: Both continuous and accumulated exercises reduced PPG, insulin, and C-peptide concentrations and improved glucose fluctuations. Accumulated exercise maintained lower PPG concentrations for a longer time than continuous exercise in young adults with obesity. Copyright © 2023 Informa UK Limited.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1446-1456
JournalEuropean Journal of Sport Science
Volume23
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - Mar 2023

Citation

Zhang, X., Tian, X. Y., Miyashita, M., Sun, F., Huang, W. Y. J., Zheng, C., Sum, M. K., & Wong, S. H. S. (2023). Effects of accumulated versus continuous individualized exercise on postprandial glycemia in young adults with obesity: Exercise regimen and PPG in adults with obesity. European Journal of Sport Science, 23(7), 1446-1456. https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2023.2177199

Keywords

  • Postprandial glucose
  • Physical activity
  • Individualized
  • Exercise patterns
  • Continuous glucose monitoring

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