Effects of a mindfulness-based intervention (MYmind) for children with ADHD and their parents: Protocol for a randomised controlled trial

Stanley Kam Chung CHAN, Dexing ZHANG, Susan M BÖGELS, Christian Shaunlyn CHAN, Kelly Yee Ching LAI, Hay Ming Herman LO, Benjamin Hon Kei YIP, Ngar Sze Elsa LAU, Tiffany Ting GAO, Samuel Yeung Shan WONG

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Abstract

Introduction: Mindfulness is one of the potential alternative interventions for children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Some evidence suggests that mindfulness is related to changes in brain regions associated with ADHD. The potential benefits of mindfulness on children with ADHD, as well as the feasibility of this intervention approach, are warranted through prior local and foreign studies. This study aims to evaluate the effect of mindfulness-based group intervention for children with ADHD and their respective parents through a robust research design.
Methods and analysis: This study will adopt a randomised controlled trial design including 140 children aged 8–12 years with ADHD together with one of their parents (n=140). These families will be randomised into intervention group (n=70) who will be offered the MYmind programme delivered by trained healthcare professionals, and an active control group (n=70) who will be offered the CBT programme. The intervention includes 8 weekly 90 min group sessions for children with ADHD (aged 8–12 years) and their respective parents. The primary and secondary outcomes will include children's attention, ADHD-related symptoms, behaviours, executive function and mindfulness levels measured by validated objective measures and parent's reported instruments. Parents' parental stress, parenting styles, ADHD related symptoms, well-being, rumination level and mindfulness levels will also be measured. Analysis is by intention to treat. The effects of intervention will be evaluated by comparing outcomes between the two arms, as well as comparing outcomes within subject through comparing measurements at baseline (T0), immediately after the 8 week intervention (T1) and at 3 (T2) and 6 (T3) months postintervention.
Ethics and dissemination: Ethics approval has been granted by the Joint Chinese University of Hong Kong – New Territories East Cluster Clinical Research Ethics Committee (The Joint CUHK-NTEC CREC). Participants will be required to sign informed consent form from both parents and children. Findings will be reported in conferences and peer-reviewed publications in accordance with recommendations of Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials. Copyright © 2018 Author(s) (or their employer(s)).
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere022514
JournalBMJ Open
Volume8
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2018

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Mindfulness
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
Randomized Controlled Trials
Parents
Hong Kong
Ethics
Joints
Clinical Ethics Committees
Consent Forms
Intention to Treat Analysis
Research Ethics Committees
Executive Function
Parenting
Publications
Research Design
Delivery of Health Care
Control Groups
Brain

Bibliographical note

Chan, S. K. C., Zhang, D., Bögels, S. M., Chan, C. S., Lai, K. Y. C., Lo, H. H. M., . . . Wong, S. Y. S. (2018). Effects of a mindfulness-based intervention (MYmind) for children with ADHD and their parents: Protocol for a randomised controlled trial. BMJ Open, 8(11). Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-022514