Effects of a culture-adaptive forgiveness intervention for Chinese college students

Mingxia JI, Eadaoin HUI, Hong FU, David A. WATKINS, Linjin TAO, Sing Kai LO

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)


The understanding and application of forgiveness varies across cultures. The current study aimed to examine the effect of a culture-adaptive Forgiveness Intervention on forgiveness attitude, self-esteem, empathy and anxiety of Mainland Chinese college students. Thirty-six participants were randomly allocated to either experimental groups or a wait-list comparison group, with 28 retained finally. Forgiveness, empathy, self-esteem and anxiety were assessed one week before and after a 10-week forgiveness programme integrating Enright process model and Chinese values. The intervention increased participants' forgiveness attitudes. No significant effect was reported on empathy, self-esteem and anxiety. These findings demonstrate that the Culture-adaptive forgiveness intervention is potentially promising to enhance forgiveness attitude in societies where collectivist, cooperative and interdependent principles are dominant. Copyright © 2016 Taylor & Francis.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)335-346
JournalBritish Journal of Guidance & Counselling
Issue number3
Early online dateJan 2016
Publication statusPublished - 2016


Self Concept


Ji, M., Hui, E., Fu, H., Watkins, D. A., Tao, L., & Lo, S. K. (2016). Effects of a culture-adaptive forgiveness intervention for Chinese college students. British Journal of Guidance & Counselling, 44(3), 335-346.


  • Chinese culture
  • Forgiveness attitude
  • Empathy
  • Self-esteem
  • Anxiety