Pot experiments were conducted to investigate the effects of a series of β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) on phytoremediation of soil co-contaminated with Cd and BDE-209 by amaranth (Amaranthus hypochondriacus L.) inoculated with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus (AMF) – Rhizophagus intraradices. Results showed that the combination of mycorrhizal amaranth and 0.4% β-CD (RI+β0.4) significantly enhanced Cd concentrations and contents in shoots, total PBDEs concentration in roots, and BDE-209 dissipation in soil. Moreover, the RI+β0.4 treatment exerted the highest removal efficiency of both Cd and BDE-209. On the contrary, the xylem area, shoot Cd and BDE-209 concentrations and contents, and removal efficiency of Cd were markedly reduced in mycorrhizal amaranth with 0.8% or 1.2% β-CD treatments (RI+β0.8, RI+β1.2), compared with single inoculation treatment. The well-organized chloroplast and well-defined root anatomical structure were also observed in the treatment of RI+β0.4. Positive correlation was found between shoot biomass and chlorophyll concentrations. Shoot Cd or BDE-209 concentrations were positively correlated with xylem areas. In conclusion, mycorrhizal amaranth added with 0.4% β-CD could be used for the decontamination of soil polluted with mixture of Cd and BDE-209 due to the higher chlorophyll concentration and the larger xylem area. Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
CitationLi, X., Chen, A. Y., Yu, L. Y., Chen, X. X., Xiang, L., Zhao, H. M., . . . Li, H. (2019). Effects of β-cyclodextrin on phytoremediation of soil co-contaminated with Cd and BDE-209 by arbuscular mycorrhizal amaranth. Chemosphere, 220, 910-920. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2018.12.211
- Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi