Objective: To evaluate a 3-week program comprising cooking demonstrations with free food samples in motivating elderly adults to cook more and improve their nutritional status. Design: An experimental pre-post study. Setting: Three districts in Hong Kong. Participants: Sixty aged 59-95 home-living adults. Intervention: Group A (one 1-day food sample given free weekly) and Group B (three 1-day food samples given free weekly). Main Outcome Measure: Satisfaction questionnaires were conducted every week. Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) scores were assessed at baseline and 6 months after the program’s completion. Analysis: Nutritional status was assessed before and after intervention. Repeated analysis of variance measures of compliance, appetite, easiness of program at 3-week time-points were calculated to differentiate a more frequent (Group B) and a less frequent (Group A) provision of food sample reinforced their cooking skills to a greater extent. Results: The compliance rate of Group B was higher than that of Group A. More than 60% of the participants intended to continue cooking and a third of the participants expressed satisfaction with the program. The MNA scores had improved 6 months later (combined data from both groups). Conclusions: Nutrition education through cooking demonstrations and the community-based distribution of food ingredients can improve the nutrition status of the elderly population. Copyright © 2014 HEC PRESS, Healthy Eating Club Pty Ltd.
CitationChung, L. M. Y., & Chung, J. W. Y. (2014). Effectiveness of a food education program in improving appetite and nutritional status of elderly adults living at home. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 23(2), 315-320.
- Satisfaction survey
- Food education program
- Mini nutrition assessment
- Alt. title: 一項食物教育計劃提高居家老年人的食慾和健康狀況的有效性