Purpose: To investigate the effect of the glycemic index (GI) of pre-exercise snack bars on substrate utilization during subsequent moderate intensity exercise. Methods: Fourteen male participants (Age: 27 ± 5 yr; BMI: 22.5 ± 2.7 kg m⁻²; VO₂mₐₓ 48.7 ± 6.1 mL kg⁻¹ min⁻¹) completed two trials in a randomized and counterbalanced crossover design. Two iso-caloric snack bars with different GI values (20, LGI versus 68, HGI) were provided to the participants. Ninety minutes later, all participants completed 45 minutes of ergometer cycling at 65% VO₂mₐₓ Substrate utilization was measured using indirect calorimetry. Results: During exercise, higher fat oxidation and lower carbohydrate (CHO) oxidation were observed in the LGI trial (LGI versus HGI: CHO, 87.3 ± 20.1 versus 99.2 ± 19.0 g, p < 0.05; Fat, 15.0 ± 5.8 versus 9.7 ± 7.0 g, p < 0.05). Conclusion: Compared with an iso-caloric HGI snack bar, pre-exercise LGI snack bar consumption may facilitate a shift of substrate utilization from CHO to fat during subsequent moderate intensity exercise. Copyright © 2013 Informa Plc.
|Journal||International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 2013|
CitationSun, F.-H., O’Reilly, J., Li, L., & Wong, S. H.-S. (2013). Effect of the glycemic index of pre-exercise snack bars on substrate utilization during subsequent exercise. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 64(8), 1001-1006.
- Carbohydrate oxidation
- Fat oxidation
- Healthy males