Effect of MMA-g-UHMWPE grafted fiber on mechanical properties of acrylic bone cement

Jen-Ming YANG, Pai-Yao HUANG, Ming-Chien YANG, Sing Kai LO

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37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) fibers were treated with argon plasma for 5 min, followed by uv irradiation in methyl methacrylate (MMA)-chloroform solution for 5 h to obtain MMA-g-UHMWPE grafted fiber. The grafting content was estimated by the titration of esterification method. The grafting amount of 5280 nmol/g was the largest for the MMA concentration at 18.75 vol%. To improve the mechanical properties of acrylic bone cement, pure UHMWPE fiber and MMA-g-UHMWPE fiber were added to the surgical Simplex®-P radiopaque bone cement. The mechanical properties including tensile strength, tensile modulus, compressive strength, bending strength, and bending stiffness were measured. Dynamic mechanical analysis was also performed. By comparing the effect of the pure UHMWPE fiber and MMA- g-UHMWPE grafted fiber on the mechanical properties of acrylic bone cement, it was found that the acrylic bone cement with MMA-g-UHMWPE grafted fiber had a more significant reinforcing effect than that with untreated UHMWPE fiber. This might be due to the improvement of the interfacial bonding between the grafted fibers and the acrylic bone cement matrix. Copyright © 1997 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)361-369
JournalJournal of Biomedical Materials Research
Volume38
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1997

Citation

Yang, J.-M., Huang, P.-Y., Yang, M.-C., & Lo, S. K. (1997). Effect of MMA-g-UHMWPE grafted fiber on mechanical properties of acrylic bone cement. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research, 38(4), 361-369. doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1097-4636(199724)38:4<361::AID-JBM9>3.0.CO;2-M

Keywords

  • Acrylic bone cement
  • Ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene fiber
  • Methyl methacrylate
  • Grafting
  • Mechanical properties

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