Objective: To investigate the effect of public hospitals in Hong Kong not accepting free infant formula from manufacturers on in-hospital formula supplementation rates and breast-feeding duration. Design: Prospective cohort study. Setting: In-patient postnatal units of four public hospitals in Hong Kong. Subjects: Two cohorts of breast-feeding mother–infant pairs (n 2560). Cohort 1 (n 1320) was recruited before implementation of the policy to stop accepting free infant formula and cohort 2 (n 1240) was recruited after policy implementation. Participants were followed prospectively for 12 months or until they stopped breast-feeding. Results: The mean number of formula supplements given to infants in the first 24 h was 2·70 (SD 3·11) in cohort 1 and 1·17 (SD 1·94) in cohort 2 (P<0·001). The proportion of infants who were exclusively breast-fed during the hospital stay increased from 17·7 % in cohort 1 to 41·3 % in cohort 2 (P<0·001) and the risk of breast-feeding cessation was significantly lower in cohort 2 (hazard ratio =0·81; 95 % CI 0·73, 0·90). Participants who non-exclusively breast-fed during the hospital stay had a significantly higher risk of stopping any or exclusive breast-feeding. Higher levels of formula supplementation also increased the risk of breast-feeding cessation in a dose–response pattern. Conclusions: After implementation of a hospital policy to pay market price for infant formula, rates of in-hospital formula supplementation were reduced and the rates of in-hospital exclusive breast-feeding and breast-feeding duration increased. Copyright © 2015 The Authors.
CitationTarranta, M., Lok, K. Y. W., Fong, D. Y. T., Lee, I. L. Y., Sham, A., Lam, C. et al. (2015). Effect of a hospital policy of not accepting free infant formula on in-hospital formula supplementation rates and breast-feeding duration. Public Health Nutrition, 18(14), 2689-2699.
- Infant feeding
- Formula supplementation
- Hospital practices
- Hong Kong