Education and mobility of Korean diaspora in Sakhalin

Irina BALITSKAYA, Jae Hyung PARK

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

Koreans in the Russian Sakhalin Island are mostly South Koreans who were conscripted to work in the resource-rich island during the Japanese colonial rule. After the surrender of Japan in 1945, Sakhalin Koreans were unable to return home due to Soviet economic interests to keep them as workers. They underwent various types of acculturation, namely separation, marginalization, assimilation, and, currently, integration. Formal schooling and public education were the main tools of the assimilation policy under the veneer of Soviet citizens’ rights stipulated in the Constitutions of 1936 and 1977. This review article examines history and education of Sakhalin Koreans, and discusses the conditions of interaction between Koreans and the host society as well as with ‘mainland’ Russian Koreans. Key stages of education for Sakhalin Koreans are identified, which were under the education policies set by the central Soviet, Federal, and regional governments aimed at integrating Koreans into the mainstream society. Attention is also paid to language education.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2016

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diaspora
assimilation policy
education
language education
public education
acculturation
assimilation
constitution
Japan
citizen
worker
history
interaction
resources
economics
Society

Citation

Balitskaya, i., & Park, J. (2016, April). Education and mobility of Korean diaspora in Sakhalin. Paper presented at the Comparative Education Society of Hong Kong (CESHK) Annual Conference 2016: Learning to Live Together & Comparative Education, and Third Across-Strait Four Region Forum on Comparative Education, The Hong Kong Institute of Education, Hong Kong, China.

Keywords

  • Sakhalin
  • Ethnic minority education
  • Diaspora
  • Russian Koreans