Eco-friendly solutions to emerging contaminants: Unveiling the potential of bioremediation in tackling microplastic pollution in water

Ihsanullah IHSANULLAH, Muhammad Tariq KHAN, Md Faysal HOSSAIN, Muhammad BILAL, Izaz ALI SHAH

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlespeer-review

Abstract

Microplastics (MPs) are a class of emerging contaminants that have gained significant attention in recent years. The presence of MPs in the aquatic environment is reported to have serious potential environmental and health impacts. Therefore, it is essential to develop efficient and sustainable strategies for the remediation of MPs from the aqueous environment. Traditional techniques for the remediation of MPs from an aqueous environment have limitations, including high costs and the production of secondary pollutants. In this scenario, bioremediation offers several advantages and has emerged as a cost-effective, eco-friendly, and efficient strategy for the removal of MPs from water. This article critically reviews the recent progress in the applications of bioremediation for the removal of different MPs from water. The effects of key factors such as the characteristics of MPs, environmental conditions, and types of microorganisms on the removal of MPs are elaborated in detail. The underlying mechanisms involved in the removal of MPs by microorganisms are also discussed comprehensively. Major technological challenges are identified, and recommendations for future research are provided. Despite several challenges, bioremediation is a promising approach that can revolutionize the MP removal process if the major challenges are addressed. Copyright © 2024 Wiley-VCH GmbH.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2400172
JournalAdvanced Sustainable Systems
Early online dateJun 2024
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - Jun 2024

Citation

Ihsanullah, I., Khan, M. T., Hossain, M. F., Bilal, M., & Ali Shah, I. (2024). Eco-friendly solutions to emerging contaminants: Unveiling the potential of bioremediation in tackling microplastic pollution in water. Advanced Sustainable Systems. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1002/adsu.202400172

Keywords

  • Biodegradation
  • Bioremediation
  • Marine environment
  • Microplastics
  • Sustainable water treatment
  • PG student publication

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