Earning too little and worrying too much: The role of income and financial worries on parents’ well-being in Hong Kong and Bangkok

Xiaozi GAO, Kerry LEE, Kannika PERMPOONPUTTANA, Adisak PLITPONKARNPIM

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlespeer-review

Abstract

Research has shown that financial worries are key determinants of parents’ well-being. However, less is known about the relative role of income and financial worries on parents’ well-being; especially from a cross-cultural perspective. Guided by need and aspiration theories, we examined the roles of income and financial worries on happiness and distress among parents from Hong Kong (N = 258) and Bangkok (N = 190). Bayesian structural equation modelling revealed that greater income and lower financial worries were correlated, on a bivariate level, with higher levels of happiness and lower levels of distress in both societies. However, regressing happiness on both income and financial worries shows that income is uniquely associated with happiness in Bangkok, but not in Hong Kong. Financial worries uniquely explained variance in distress in both societies. These findings suggest that income and financial worries play different roles in parents’ psychological well-being in the two cities. To promote parents’ well-being, future policy or intervention programs should target financial worries in Hong Kong. Targeting income and financial worries are more likely to be efficacious in Bangkok. Copyright © 2022 The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Family and Economic Issues
Early online dateSep 2022
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - Sep 2022

Citation

Gao, X., Lee, K., Permpoonputtana, K., & Plitponkarnpim, A. (2022). Earning too little and worrying too much: The role of income and financial worries on parents’ well-being in Hong Kong and Bangkok. Journal of Family and Economic Issues. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1007/s10834-022-09863-y

Keywords

  • Income
  • Financial worries
  • Well-being
  • Cross-culture
  • Bayesian

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