Soil is an important sink for perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) that is a typical persistent organic pollutant with high toxicity. Understanding of PFOS sorption to various particle-size fractions of soil provides an insight into the mobility and bioavailability of PFOS in soil. This study evaluated kinetics, isotherms, and mechanisms of PFOS sorption to six soil particle-size fractions of paddy soil at environmentally relevant concentrations (0.01–1 μg/mL). The used soil particle-size fractions included coarse sand (120.4–724.4 mm), fine sand (45.7–316.2 mm), coarse silt (17.3–79.4 mm), fine silt (1.9–39.8 mm), clay (0.5–4.4 mm), and humic acid fractions (8.2–83.7 mm) labeled as F1~F6, respectively. PFOS sorption followed pseudo-second-order kinetics related to film diffusion and intraparticle diffusion, with speed-limiting phase acted by the latter. PFOS sorption isotherm data followed Freundlich model, with generally convex isotherms in larger size fractions (F1~F3) but concave isotherms in smaller size fractions (F4 and F5) and humic acid fraction (F6). Increasing organic matter content, Brunner−Emmet−Teller surface area, and smaller size fractions were conducive to PFOS sorption. Hydrophobic force, divalent metal ion-bridging effect, ligand exchange, hydrogen bonding, and protein-like interaction played roles in PFOS sorption. But hydrophobic force controlled the PFOS sorption, because its relevant organic matter governed the contribution of the soil fractions to the overall PFOS sorption. The larger size fractions dominated the PFOS sorption to the original soil because of their high mass percentages (~80%). This likely caused greater potential risks of PFOS migration into groundwater and bioaccumulation in crops at higher temperatures and ce values, based on their convex isotherms with an exothermic physical process. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
CitationChen, X.-T., Yu, P.-F., Xiang, L., Zhao, H.-M., Li, Y.-W., Li, H., . . . Wong, M. H. (2020). Dynamics, thermodynamics, and mechanism of perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) sorption to various soil particle-size fractions of paddy soil. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 206. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2020.111105
- Perfluorinated alkyl substances (PFASs)
- Environmental behavior
- Particle-size fraction