A double-phthalate-ester imprinted photoresponsive polymer was fabricated for simultaneous detection of phthalate esters. Specifically, three azobenzene derivatives with different steric characteristics (0, 2, and 4 methyl substituents at the ortho position) were used as functional monomers, supported by ZnO nanoscale support rods. Dibutyl phthalate and dicyclohexyl phthalate esters were used as double templates. The three photoresponsive molecularly imprinted polymers were fabricated with a triethanolamine trimethacrylate ester cross-linker, and were characterized by ultraviolet–visible absorption, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, scanning and transmission electron microscopy, and N2 adsorption–desorption analysis. Steric hindrance affected both photoresponsive properties and binding properties. As the steric hindrance increased, the trans→cis rate constant and the binding capacities decreased. Hence, the polymer with the least steric hindrance was used for the simultaneous detection of phthalate esters in plastic cups and toys. The doubly imprinted polymer was more effective for detection or extraction of the phthalate esters than was a single-phthalate-ester imprinted polymer. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy
Transmission electron microscopy
Bibliographical noteGong, C.-B., Wei, Y.-B., Chen, M.-J., Liu, L.-T., Chow, C.-F., & Tang, Q. (2018). Double imprinted photoresponsive polymer for simultaneous detection of phthalate esters in plastics. European Polymer Journal, 108, 295-303. doi: 10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2018.09.009
- Photoresponsive molecularly imprinted polymer
- Double-template molecular imprinting
- Phthalate esters
- Steric hindrance effect