In rural China, care for the aged has mainly been considered as reciprocal obligations among adult sons and parents. However, recent studies have pointed to the need to examine the pattern of elderly support as a result of intra-generational negotiation in an extended family context, and the significant role of daughters-in-law in bargaining for shared parental support. This chapter examines the pattern of shared elderly care in relation to daughters-in-law’s equal access to the mother-in-law’s domestic services. It argues that old age support is a result of negotiation not only among parents and adult sons but also among daughters- and mothers-in-law based on an increasingly emphasized equity principle. It highlights the significant role of the mother-in-law’s gender-specific labor in the form of child care and household assistance as an exchange token for elderly care, and how equal access to her domestic labor besides parental property is intricately tied to the shared responsibility of elderly support among sons. It suggests that changing inheritance due to state policies on land and the family since the 1950s, gendered intergenerational contract, and transformation in the regime of reproductive labor with decollectivization are keys to understanding these patterns. Copyright © 2014 Springer Science+Business Media New York.
|Title of host publication||Social issues in China: Gender, ethnicity, labor, and the environment|
|Editors||Zhidong HAO, Sheying CHEN|
|Place of Publication||New York|
|Publication status||Published - 2014|
care for the aged
CitationTo, C. W.-c. (2014). Domestic labor, gendered intergenerational contract, and shared elderly support in rural South China. In Z. Hao, & S. Chen (Eds.), Social issues in China: Gender, ethnicity, labor, and the environment (pp. 67-84). New York: Springer.
- Domestic labor
- Intergenerational relations
- Elderly care