Doing educational research in Chinese societies: Hong Kong SAR & China

Yi-Hai ZHANG, Hongyu PENG, Hin Wah Chris CHEUNG, King Man Eric CHONG, Chin Fung Philip CHOW

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explore the differences between Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) and Mainland in terms of education and also the influence of it on doing comparative educational research. Hong Kong SAR is ruled by the Chinese Government under the framework of "One country, two systems." It makes Hong Kong SAR different from other Mainland cities based on different aspects including, education. The finding of this paper provides a systematic review about the differences between these two Chinese societies in terms of education and also implication for conducting comparative educational research in these two societies and also generating some implications for cross-national and cross-cultural study in education.
Design/methodology/approach: This paper made references from the framework proposed by Bray and Thomas (1995) in relation to comparative educational research to make comparison between Hong Kong SAR and Mainland China. Multi-level comparison is conducted between two societies in terms of education, especially aspects relating to conducting educational research sat social, school and individual levels.
Findings: This paper identified the influence of “One county, two systems” on education at different levels such as ideology, school management system and use of languages in teaching. Such differences affect the choice of topics, sampling strategy, research design, data analysis and interpretation and also ethical considerations when conducting comparative research between Hong Kong SAR and Mainland China.
Originality/value: This paper is an integrated analysis of conducting educational research in two Chinese societies and provides insights for further discussions and possible research about this topic. Copyright © 2019 Emerald Publishing Limited.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAsian Education and Development Studies
Early online dateMay 2019
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - May 2019

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educational research
Hong Kong
China
society
education
comparative research
cultural studies
school
research planning
data analysis
ideology
interpretation
methodology
Teaching
language
management
Values

Bibliographical note

Zhang, Y.-H., Peng, H., Cheung, H. W. C., Chong, K. M. E., & Chow, C. F. P. (2019). Doing educational research in Chinese societies: Hong Kong SAR & China. Asian Education and Development Studies. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1108/AEDS-06-2017-0051

Keywords

  • China
  • Research methods
  • Educational research
  • Hong Kong SAR
  • Chinese societies
  • Comparative education study