Early theorizing on what motivates students to learn was largely based on Western conceptualizations and specifically on a “one-size-fits-all” belief that what works is relatively universal. However, the one-size-fits-all notion fails to explain diversity in motivation and achievement. Every perspective on motivation should be looked at for variability in meaning and relevance within particular social and cultural settings. The critical importance of culture and the cultural setting adds new richness and complexity to theorizing on motivation in school settings. Overall, the essay briefly describes the transitioning of theory from Western-based, relatively monocultural theories of motivation to a richer understanding of motivation by interrogating theoretical perspectives and practical applications through a cultural lens. Copyright © 2023 Oxford University Press.
|Title of host publication
|Motivation science: Controversies and insights
|Mimi BONG, Johnmarshall REEVE, Sung-il KIM
|Place of Publication
|Oxford University Press
|Published - Jan 2023