Does mainland exchange programmes matter? Investigating Hong Kong students’ national identity

Yan Ni Annie CHENG

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper


The purpose of this study is to explore the possible impact of short-term Mainland exchange programmes on the Hong Kong youths’ national identity. A study using both quantitative and qualitative methods was conducted in 2016/17 to investigate the students’ national identity. There were 676 secondary school students completed the survey and subsequent focus group interviews were conducted to examine whether there was any difference in their national identity after they returned from the Mainland exchange programmes. The results show that some of the participants’ cultural identity was enhanced while their national identity was not necessary strengthened. These findings were related to the structure and the objectives of the Mainland exchange programmes. The complexity of the formation of national and local identities will be discussed. This presentation will provide insights for schools to enhance meaningful Mainland exchange activities and inform policy makers ways to formulate effective strategies for promoting such activities. This study is supported by Public Policy Research (PPR) Grant.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - May 2017


national identity
Hong Kong
cultural identity
quantitative method
qualitative method
secondary school
public policy


Cheng, A. Y. N. (2017, May). Does mainland exchange programmes matter? Investigating Hong Kong students’ national identity. Paper presented at the Conference on the 20th Anniversary of Hong Kong SAR, The Education University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China.


  • Hong Kong youth
  • National identity
  • Mainland exchange programme
  • Study tours
  • Ethnic identity