This paper presents a low-complexity physical-layer network coding (PNC) enabled non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) system with the help of deep neural networks (DNN). NOMA allows multiple users to send packets simultaneously to a common access point (AP) using the same frequency band. In PNC-enabled NOMA systems, the AP decodes not only individual packets of different users by conventional multiuser decoding (MUD) techniques, but also different linear combinations of individual packets by PNC decoding, referred to as PNC packets. Prior works showed that the decoded PNC packets could significantly improve the system throughput. However, when the number of simultaneously transmitting users increases, the number of possible PNC packets also increases exponentially, leading to high decoding complexity if the AP tries to blindly decode all possibilities. Therefore, this paper exploits DNNs to reduce the decoding complexity. Specifically, we find that the decoding results of different linear combinations are mainly affected by the relative phase offsets among the wireless signals of different users. Hence, we can use a DNN to learn the relationships between the relative phase offsets and the decoding results. Since our DNN can learn the decoding patterns, i.e., which linear combinations are more likely to be decoded given the same relative phase offsets, the AP can attempt to decode only a subset of all the linear combinations, thus reducing the decoding complexity. Experimental results show that our DNN-assisted decoding scheme reduces the decoding complexity by more than 30% compared with the traditional brute-force approach, while maintaining almost the same throughput performance. Copyright © 2022 IEEE.
|Title of host publication||Proceedings of 2022 IEEE 19th Annual Consumer Communications & Networking Conference (CCNC)|
|Place of Publication||Danvers, MA|
|Publication status||Published - 2022|