DNA adduct formation and DNA strand breaks in green-lipped mussels (Perna viridis) exposed to benzo[a]pyrene: Dose- and time-dependent relationships

Eric W. K. CHING, William H. L. SIU, Paul K. S. LAM, Lihong XU, Yongyuan ZHANG, Bruce J. RICHARDSON, Shiu Sun Rudolf WU

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110 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Green-lipped mussels, Perna viridis, were exposed to 0, 0.3, 3 and 30μgl-1 (nominal concentrations) B[a]P under laboratory conditions over a period of 24 days. Mussels were collected on day 0, 1, 3, 6, 12, 18 and 24, and the levels of DNA adducts and DNA strand breaks in their hepatopancreas tissues monitored. Mussels exposed to 0.3 and 3μgl-1 B[a]P showed marked increases in strand breaks after 1 day of exposure. DNA strand break levels in these mussels remained high and significantly different from the control values until day 3 for the 0.3μgl-1 treatment group, and day 6 for the 3μgl-1 treatment group. This was followed by a gradual reduction in strand breaks. After 12 days, the levels of both groups had returned to the same level as that of the control. No increase in DNA strand breaks was observable in mussels exposed to 30μgl-1 B[a]P in the first 12 days of exposure, but a significant increase was observed from day 12 to day 24. Increasing B[a]P concentrations resulted in elevated DNA adduct levels after 3-6 days of exposure, but this pattern of dose-related increase disappeared after 12 days. These results indicate that a better understanding of the complex interactions between exposure levels and durations is crucially important before DNA adduct levels and DNA strand breaks in P. viridis can be used as effective biomarkers for monitoring genotoxicants in marine waters. Copyright © 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)603-610
JournalMarine Pollution Bulletin
Volume42
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2001

Citation

Ching, E. W. K., Siu, W. H. L., Lam, P. K. S., Xu, L., Zhang, Y., Richardson, B. J., & Wu, R. S. S. (2001). DNA adduct formation and DNA strand breaks in green-lipped mussels (Perna viridis) exposed to benzo[a]pyrene: Dose- and time-dependent relationships. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 42(7), 603-610. doi: 10.1016/S0025-326X(00)00209-5

Keywords

  • DNA adducts
  • DNA strand breaks
  • Benzo[a]pyrene
  • Exposure duration
  • Green-lipped mussels
  • Perna viridis

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