Distribution characteristics of fluoride and aluminum in soil profiles of an abandoned tea plantation and their uptake by six woody species

Z. M. XIE, Z. H. YE, Ming Hung WONG

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Abstract

Distribution characteristics of fluoride (F) and aluminum (Al) in soil profiles of an abandoned tea plantation in Hong Kong and their uptake by six woody species namely Camellia sinensis, Melastoma affine, Sterculia lanceolata, Ardisia crenata, Acacia formosa and Machilus thunbergii were investigated. C. sinensis accumulated both F (656 mg/kg in the leaves) and Al (8910 mg/kg in the leaves). M. Affine only accumulated Al (9932 mg/kg in the leaves), while S. lanceolata, A. crenata, A. formosa and M. Thunbergii were Al (26-115 mg/kg in the leaves) and F (20-25 mg/kg in the leaves) excluders. Water-soluble F and Al contents accumulated in surface soils (especially 0-3 cm) and decreased with depth along soil profiles: A layers (2.0 ± 0.6 and 31 ± 5.8 mg/kg) > B layers (1.5 ± 0.2 and 27 ± 3.5 mg/kg) > C layers (1.3 ± 0.2 and 20 ± 2.7 mg/kg), respectively. The water-soluble, NH4Ac-extractable and HCl-extractable F in soil profiles were significantly correlated (P<.01). F concentrations in all soil layers (n = 51) of soil profiles (n = 17) were significantly correlated (P<.01) to Al concentrations in terms of water-soluble Al/F, HCl-extractable Al/F, HCl-extractable Al/F and NH4Ac-extractable Al/F, due to the formation of Al-F complexes in soil. F contents extracted with deionized water (pH = 6.68), 1 mol/1 HCl and 1 mol/1 NH4Ac in soil could be used to predict F concentrations in the leaves, stems and roots of the six plants. Copyright © 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)341-346
JournalEnvironment International
Volume26
Issue number5-6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2001

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tea
fluoride
soil profile
plantation
aluminum
distribution
water
soil surface
soil
stem

Citation

Xie, Z. M., Ye, Z. H., & Wong, M. H. (2001). Distribution characteristics of fluoride and aluminum in soil profiles of an abandoned tea plantation and their uptake by six woody species. Environment International, 26(5-6), 341-346. doi: 10.1016/S0160-4120(01)00010-1

Keywords

  • Accumulation
  • Aluminum
  • Fluoride
  • Plant species
  • Soil profile
  • Hong Kong