The links between mindfulness, savoring positive experiences, and depressive symptoms have been well established in the literature. Nevertheless, little has been done to disentangle the prospective relations among these constructs. Clarifying the longitudinal relations is crucial, as it enables researchers and practitioners to discern potential trajectories of mental health interventions. In this study, 180 emerging adults between 18 and 27 years old were recruited twice at 3 months apart to complete self-reported measures including mindfulness, savoring positive experiences, and depressive symptoms. Cross-lagged path analysis indicated that savoring the moment was predictive of mindfulness three months later, whereas depressive symptoms were predictive of both mindfulness and savoring the moment three months later, above and beyond the effects of age, gender, and family income. Additionally, mindfulness, savoring positive experiences, and depressive symptoms were significantly correlated at baseline. The present study evidenced short-term inverse effects of depressive symptoms on mindfulness and savoring the moment, as well as a positive effect of savoring the moment on mindfulness. Hence, interventions geared towards reducing symptoms of depression are likely to carry concurrent and prospective benefits for psychological functioning, namely the ability to be present in the moment and to savor. Copyright © 2023 by the authors.
|International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
|Published - Apr 2023
CitationCheung, R. Y. M., & Ng, M. C. Y. (2023). Disentangling the effects of mindfulness, savoring, and depressive symptoms among emerging adults. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 20(8). Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20085568
- Depressive symptoms
- Emerging adults
- Positive experiences