Digital learning for developing Asian countries: Achieving equity, quality, and efficiency in education

Cher Ping LIM, Victoria L. TINIO, Matthew SMITH, Miron Kumar BHOWMIK

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


This chapter examines the potential of digital learning to achieve the goals of education equity, quality, and efficiency in developing Asian countries. Drawing on a comprehensive review of literature, it reports that digital learning innovations, such as massive open online courses (MOOCs), intelligent tutoring systems (ITS), digital game-based learning (DGBL), and learning analytics (LA), are a relatively new phenomenon in developing Asian countries. The corresponding research literature is therefore understandably scant but growing. Yet, the review underscores that if these technologies are implemented in an evidence-informed manner, digital learning could contribute significantly to advancing the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 4 of inclusive and equitable quality education and lifelong learning opportunities for all. Future research could focus on understanding how factors such as localization/customization, equity, quality, efficiency, sustainability, and scalability interplay with digital learning in developing Asian countries. In particular, recognizing that digital learning holds significant potential, there is a need to explore how to effectively realize this potential across diverse and often constrained contexts. The chapter concludes that effectiveness, sustainability, and scalability factors are the most crucial considerations in bringing about the intended benefits of digital learning for all to turn the SDG4 vision into reality. Copyright © 2018 selection and editorial matter, Kerry J. Kennedy and John Chi-Kin Lee; individual chapters, the contributors.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRoutledge international handbook of schools and schooling in Asia
EditorsKerry John KENNEDY, John Chi-Kin LEE
Place of PublicationNew York
ISBN (Electronic)9781315694382
ISBN (Print)9781138908499, 1138908495
Publication statusPublished - 2018


goal of education
lifelong learning
sustainable development


Lim, C. P., Tinio, V. L., Smith, M., & Bhowmik, M. K. (2018). Digital learning for developing Asian countries: Achieving equity, quality, and efficiency in education. In K. J. Kennedy & J. C.-K. Lee (Eds.), Routledge international handbook of schools and schooling in Asia (pp. 369-381). New York: Routledge.