Different goals for different folks: A cross-cultural study of achievement goals across nine cultures

Ronnel Bornasal KING, Dennis Michael MCINERNEY, Ramzi NASSER

Research output: Contribution to journalArticles

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Goals are important predictors of key educational outcomes. However, most of the research on goal theory has been conducted in Western societies. In this study we examine how different types of goals (mastery, performance, social, and extrinsic) derived from personal investment theory are associated with key learning outcomes across nine cultural groups. Adopting a universalist approach with regard to the role of culture on motivation, we found evidence for both cultural similarities and differences. In terms of cross-cultural similarities, we found that the four-factor goal structure was replicated and that mastery goal was associated with adaptive outcomes across most of the cultures examined. In terms of cross-cultural differences, we found that the association of performance, social, and extrinsic goals to valued educational outcomes varied as a function of context. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed. Copyright © 2017 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)619-642
JournalSocial Psychology of Education
Volume20
Issue number3
Early online dateJan 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Citation

King, R. B., McInerney, D. M., & Nasser, R. (2017). Different goals for different folks: A cross-cultural study of achievement goals across nine cultures. Social Psychology of Education, 20(3), 619-642. doi: 10.1007/s11218-017-9381-2

Keywords

  • Personal investment theory
  • Culture and motivation
  • Social goal
  • Extrinsic goal
  • Achievement goal

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