Development of the mandarin hearing in noise test for children

Yuan CHEN, Lena L. N. WONG

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlespeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives: To develop a Mandarin version of the Hearing in Noise Test for Children (MHINT-C) and examine the maturational effects on sentence recognition.
Design: Sentences suitable for evaluating children aged 6–18 years were selected from the adult MHINT to form 12 lists of 10 MHINT-C sentences (Study 1). List equivalence, inter-list reliability, response variability, and maturational effects on sentence recognition were examined using the MHINT-C (Study 2).
Study sample: A total of 246 children aged 6.1–17.11 years were included. Six children participated in Study 1; the rest were included in Study 2. To compare these results with adults, 20 native Mandarin-speaking adults aged 18 or above were included in Study 2.
Results: MHINT-C list equivalency, inter-list reliability, and response variability were similar to those of the adult MHINT and the Cantonese HINT for children. Sentence recognition in children reached adult-like performance around age 8 in quiet and at ages 15 and 14 in front and side noise conditions, respectively.
Conclusions: The MHINT-C can reliably measure sentence recognition in quiet and noise in Mandarin-speaking children. Age-specific correction factors were established. Copyright © 2020 British Society of Audiology, International Society of Audiology, and Nordic Audiological Society.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)707-712
JournalInternational Journal of Audiology
Issue number9
Early online date09 Apr 2020
Publication statusPublished - 2020


Chen, Y., & Wong, L. L. N. (2020). Development of the mandarin hearing in noise test for children. International Journal of Audiology, 59(9), 707-712. doi: 10.1080/14992027.2020.1750717


  • Pediatric
  • Noise
  • Speech perception
  • Behavioral measures


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