Development of a work environment rating scale for kindergarten teachers

Yau Ho Paul WONG

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3 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Kindergarten education in Hong Kong serves children aged 32–68 months. However, there is no extant scale that measures kindergarten teachers’ perceived work environment, an important influence on their well-being. Aims: To develop a new instrument, the Teachers’ Perceived Work Environment (TPWE) scale, and to assess whether kindergarten teachers with higher TPWE ratings had higher scores for job satisfaction, self-esteem and mental health. Methods: A 25-item rating scale was developed and used with a sample of in-service kindergarten teachers. Their perceived work environment was represented by five factors (ergonomics, staffing, teaching space, work hours and social space). These teachers also completed three well-being inventories: the Job Satisfaction Survey, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Inventory and the General Health Questionnaire-12. In a second stage, a new sample of in-service kindergarten teachers was used to cross-validate the findings from the earlier assessment. Results: In the first sample of 141 teachers and the second of 125, social space, staffing and work hours were associated with job satisfaction, while ergonomics was a significant negative predictor of mental health complaints. Conclusions: The TPWE exhibited satisfactory reliability and validity. Some factors were differentially associated with specific types of well-being. The results may inform future studies of the working conditions of kindergarten teachers. Copyright © 2015 The Author.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)489-495
JournalOccupational Medicine
Issue number6
Early online dateJun 2015
Publication statusPublished - 2015


Wong, Y.-h. P. (2015). Development of a work environment rating scale for kindergarten teachers. Occupational Medicine, 65(6), 489-495.


  • Kindergarten teachers
  • Well-being
  • Work environment rating scale


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