Developing 21st century skills for the first language classroom: Investigating the relationship between Chinese primary students' oral interaction strategy use and their group discussion performance

Xinhua ZHU, Elizabeth K. Y. LOH, Guoxing YU, Loretta C. W. TAM, Xian LIAO

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Given the increasing awareness of oral communication in this era of globalized collaborative learning trends, there is an imminent need to inform language educators of ways in which the under-researched oral interactional strategies are related to first language (L1) teaching. However, no consensus has yet been reached on the relationship between interactional strategy use and oral language proficiency. This study investigates the effect of oral interactional strategy use on group discussion performance in L1 Chinese for Primary 5 students (N = 140) in Hong Kong. Based on ANOVA and regression analyses of the data on group discussion performance, five strategies have been identified: expressing actively, asking for opinion, expressing attitude, giving clarification and non-verbal language. They all significantly predicted students’ group discussion performance, with overall strategies explaining 55.5% of total variation of the performance, where higher-proficiency students tended to use more strategies that enable comprehension and elaboration in the group discussions. The patterns of strategy use among students with different levels of discussion performance have also been identified. Implications of the findings are discussed with reference to the roles individuals play in the overall performance of group discussion. Copyright © 2019 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston.
Original languageEnglish
JournalApplied Linguistics Review
Early online dateOct 2019
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - Oct 2019

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group discussion
classroom
interaction
language
performance
student
Attitude, Opinion
Strategy Use
Group Discussion
Interaction
21st Century
Language
Berlin
Hong Kong
comprehension
educator
regression
communication
trend
Teaching

Citation

Zhu, X., Loh, E. K. Y., Yu, G., Tam, L. C. W., & Liao, X. (2019). Developing 21st century skills for the first language classroom: Investigating the relationship between Chinese primary students' oral interaction strategy use and their group discussion performance. Applied Linguistics Review. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1515/applirev-2018-0096

Keywords

  • Group discussion
  • Oral interactional strategies
  • L1
  • Speaking assessment
  • 21st century skills