Detection of cancer biomarkers by piezoelectric biosensor using PZT ceramic resonator as the transducer

Li SU, Lan ZOU, Chi-Chun FONG, Wing-Leung WONG, Fan WEI, Kwok-Yin WONG, Shiu Sun Rudolf WU, Mengsu YANG

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)


A novel piezoelectric biosensor using lead titanate zirconate (PZT) ceramic resonator as transducer was developed for label-free, cost-effective, and direct detection of cancer biomarkers. We designed a dual sensing scheme where two ceramic resonators were connected in parallel, in which one resonator was used as the sensing unit and the other as the control unit, in order to minimize environment influences including temperature fluctuation and to achieve the required frequency stability for biosensing applications. Detection of selected cancer biomarkers, such as prostate specific antigen (PSA) and α-fetoprotein (AFP) was carried out to evaluate the performance of the biosensor. The device showed high sensitivity (0.25. ng/ml) and fast detection (within 30. min) with small amount of sample (1 μl), which is compatible to that required by clinical measurements. The results also showed that the ceramic resonator-based piezoelectric biosensor platform could be utilized with different chemical interfaces, and the miniaturized size of the ceramic resonators makes it suitable for fabricating sensor arrays for multiplex detection. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-161
JournalBiosensors and Bioelectronics
Early online date20 Feb 2013
Publication statusPublished - 15 Aug 2013



Su, L., Zou, L., Fong, C.-C., Wong, W.-L., Wei, F., Wong, K.-Y., . . . Yang, M. (2013). Detection of cancer biomarkers by piezoelectric biosensor using PZT ceramic resonator as the transducer. Biosensors and Bioelectronics, 46, 155-161. doi: 10.1016/j.bios.2013.01.074


  • Piezoelectric biosensor
  • Dual ceramic resonator
  • Resonance frequency
  • Cancer marker detection