Depuration of metals from soft tissues of oysters (Crassostrea gigas) transplanted from a contaminated site to clean sites

K. W. CHAN, R. Y. H. CHEUNG, S. F. LEUNG, Ming Hung WONG

Research output: Contribution to journalArticles

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study aimed at studying the transplantation of oysters from a polluted site Lau Fau Shan (existing oyster culture zone) in Deep Bay to two clean sites mariculture zones at Yung Shue O and Kat O. The hydrological data, growth of oyster shell length, mortality and metal contents in whole soft tissue were monitored from February 1993 to February 1994. The high growth phase (increase in shell length) and gametogenesis (decrease in dry weight of whole soft tissue) were noted in winter (with low temperature and high salinity), and slow growth phase and spawning in summer (with high temperature and low salinity). Significant reductions (p<0.05) of Cd, Cr and Pb concentrations (dry wt basis) in soft tissue of transplanted oysters were observed at Kat O by 29, 55 and 29%, respectively, and at Yung Shue O by 34, 44 and 34%, respectively, with respect to the baseline values for the first batch of oysters and the concentrations in samples collected from Lau Fau Shan in the same months. Maximum reductions of total metal burden in whole soft tissue (μg per individual oyster) of the first oyster batch were found for Cd, Cr, Pb and Sb to be 62, 49, 60 and 25%, respectively, at Kat O, and to be 56, 47, 32 and 49%, repectively, at Yung Shue O. For the second batch of oysters transplanted to Yung Shue O in July 1993, significant reductions (p<0.05) of Cd concentration and total burden of Cd by 60 and 21%, respectively, were observed in February 1994. The high accumulated mortality and the significant (p<0.05) lower growth rate of the tranplanted oysters illustrated that the best time for tranplantation of oysters should be between the end of gametogenesis and the start of spawning (i.e. January and February), and the oysters should not be kept for longer than 3 months at the transplantation sites. Copyright © 1999 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)299-310
JournalEnvironmental Pollution
Volume105
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1999

Citation

Chan, K. W., Cheung, R. Y. H., Leung, S. F., & Wong, M. H. (1999). Depuration of metals from soft tissues of oysters (Crassostrea gigas) transplanted from a contaminated site to clean sites. Environmental Pollution, 105(3), 299-310. doi: 10.1016/S0269-7491(99)00046-9

Keywords

  • Crassostrea gigas
  • Water quality
  • Growth
  • Reproductive cycle
  • Transplantion
  • Trace metals
  • Depuration

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