This paper deals with the Cantonese morpheme gwai2 ( 鬼, lit. 'ghost') which, besides its spooky nominal use, also conveys expressive meaning when modifying a wide range of expressions: adjectives, verbs, wh-pronouns, etc. We begin by reviewing the empirical domain of gwai2 and different claims of the literature concerning its dual nature as an intensifier and a mixed-expressive conveying at-issue negation. We discuss both of these claims, showing that gwai2 cannot be treated as an intensifier in the usual sense, and that it does not contribute a truth-conditional negation, but rather a form of denial. We then propose a unified analysis of the morpheme based on the assumption that it indicates a negative attitude of the speaker towards its argument, notably by showing how to derive denials from this negative attitude. Copyright © 2018 Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature.
|Title of host publication||New frontiers in artificial intelligence: JSAI-isAI Workshops, JURISIN, SKL, AI-Biz, LENLS, AAA, SCIDOCA, kNeXI, Tsukuba, Tokyo, November 13-15, 2017, Revised Selected Papers|
|Editors||Sachiyo ARAI, Kazuhiro KOJIMA, Koji MINESHIMA, Daisuke BEKKI, Ken SATOH, Yuiko OHTA|
|Place of Publication||Cham|
|Publication status||Published - 2018|
CitationWinterstein, G., Lai, R., & Luk, Z. P.-S. (2018). Denials and negative emotions: A unified analysis of the Cantonese expressive Gwai2. In S. Arai, K. Kojima, K. Mineshima, D. Bekki, K. Satoh, & Y. Ohta (Eds.), New frontiers in artificial intelligence: JSAI-isAI Workshops, JURISIN, SKL, AI-Biz, LENLS, AAA, SCIDOCA, kNeXI, Tsukuba, Tokyo, November 13-15, 2017, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 266-281). Cham: Springer.
- Expressive content