Denials and negative emotions: A unified analysis of the Cantonese expressive Gwai2

Gregoire Adalbert WINTERSTEIN, Yee King Regine LAI, Pei Sui Zoe LUK

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

This paper deals with the Cantonese morpheme gwai2 ( 鬼, lit. 'ghost') which, besides its spooky nominal use, also conveys expressive meaning when modifying a wide range of expressions: adjectives, verbs, wh-pronouns, etc. We begin by reviewing the empirical domain of gwai2 and different claims of the literature concerning its dual nature as an intensifier and a mixed-expressive conveying at-issue negation. We discuss both of these claims, showing that gwai2 cannot be treated as an intensifier in the usual sense, and that it does not contribute a truth-conditional negation, but rather a form of denial. We then propose a unified analysis of the morpheme based on the assumption that it indicates a negative attitude of the speaker towards its argument, notably by showing how to derive denials from this negative attitude. Copyright © 2018 Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNew frontiers in artificial intelligence: JSAI-isAI Workshops, JURISIN, SKL, AI-Biz, LENLS, AAA, SCIDOCA, kNeXI, Tsukuba, Tokyo, November 13-15, 2017, Revised Selected Papers
EditorsSachiyo ARAI, Kazuhiro KOJIMA, Koji MINESHIMA, Daisuke BEKKI, Ken SATOH, Yuiko OHTA
Place of PublicationCham
PublisherSpringer
Pages266-281
ISBN (Electronic)9783319937946
ISBN (Print)9783319937939
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Citation

Winterstein, G., Lai, R., & Luk, Z. P.-S. (2018). Denials and negative emotions: A unified analysis of the Cantonese expressive Gwai2. In S. Arai, K. Kojima, K. Mineshima, D. Bekki, K. Satoh, & Y. Ohta (Eds.), New frontiers in artificial intelligence: JSAI-isAI Workshops, JURISIN, SKL, AI-Biz, LENLS, AAA, SCIDOCA, kNeXI, Tsukuba, Tokyo, November 13-15, 2017, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 266-281). Cham: Springer.

Keywords

  • Cantonese
  • Expressive content
  • Denial
  • Intensification

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