Demand for private supplementary tutoring: Conceptual considerations, and socio-economic patterns in Hong Kong

Mark BRAY, Lai Yin KWOK

Research output: Contribution to journalArticles

130 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Despite the fact that in some parts of the world private supplementary tutoring is a huge industry with far-reaching economic, social and educational implications, the topic has been neglected by educational researchers. This paper focuses on the nature and determinants of demand for private supplementary tutoring. It first draws on literature from a wide range of countries to identify some conceptual considerations, and then presents data on socio-economic patterns of demand for tutoring in Hong Kong. It highlights the complexity of the topic, and calls for further detailed research in multiple settings. Copyright © 2003 Elsevier.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)611-620
JournalEconomics of Education Review
Volume22
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2003

Citation

Bray, M., & Kwok, P. (2003). Demand for private supplementary tutoring: Conceptual considerations, and socio-economic patterns in Hong Kong. Economics of Education Review, 22(6), 611-620.

Keywords

  • Expenditures
  • Demand
  • Private supplementary tutoring
  • Hong Kong

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