This paper reflects upon the ICT integration efforts of the last two decades. It reviews major frameworks that have been employed to make sense of ICT integration, and argues for a more significant change among educators at all levels given the pervasiveness of ICT in today’s society. An expanded version of the Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge is proposed as a theoretical framework for creating new knowledge and innovative practices for ICT integration in educational settings. Copyright © 2014 Beijing Normal University and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
CitationChai, C. S., Koh, E., Lim, C. P., & Tsai, C.-C. (2014). Deepening ICT integration through multilevel design of technological pedagogical content knowledge. Journal of Computers in Education, 1(1), 1-17.
- ICT integration
- Design knowledge