Curriculum reform in mathematics and the target oriented curriculum.

Chun Ip FUNG

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlespeer-review


The implementation of the Target Oriented Curriculum (TOC) has caused much controversy and misunderstanding. This article highlights issues and prevalent ideas in the reform of school mathematics curriculum with reference to curriculum documents of Australia, United Kingdom and United States of America. It also, in its second part, attempts to interpret the ideas set forth in documents related to the TOC initiative in Hong Kong. The exposition begins with an examination of existing curriculum documents of Hong Kong and the concept of a mathematics curriculum they portrayed. It is then followed by a discussion of issues such as the change of goals, the content-process balance, teaching and learning style, and the problems of assessment. Built upon these, some core features of TOC pertinent to the subject mathematics such as the five learning principles are stressed and the concept of task are interpreted. Finally, factors which hinder the implementation of TOC are briefly discussed. Copyright © 1995 The Chinese University of Hong Kong.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)125-150
JournalEducation Journal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1995


Fung, C.-I. (1995). Curriculum reform in mathematics and the target oriented curriculum. Education Journal, 23(2), 125-150.


  • Target oriented curriculum
  • Mathematics curriculum


Dive into the research topics of 'Curriculum reform in mathematics and the target oriented curriculum.'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.