Cross-sectional exploration on feeding practices of feeders towards preschoolers' picky eating behaviors

Ming Yan CHUNG, Shirley Siu Ming FONG

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Background: Picky eating is quite common among preschoolers, which may lead to imbalanced diet. Picky eating behavior among preschoolers was found associated with feeding style. With the complex family structure of 2-career parents in Hong Kong and unique authoritarian Chinese feeding style, this study aimed to explore the differences in feeding practices among different preschoolers' feeding persons and to investigate if preschoolers' picky eating showed differences if they are fed by different feeding persons. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in five Hong Kong kindergartens. Feeding persons of the preschoolers were asked to complete questionnaires with responses in different feeding styles and 2-day dietary records of the preschoolers. The dietary review was conducted to evaluate if the preschoolers were picky eaters if they missed any one of the five food groups or they did not consume sufficient amount of any food groups at their age. Descriptive statistics and chi-squared tests were analyzed to explore the chance of picky eating occurrence regarding the types of feeding persons and the feeding practices. Results: 240 preschoolers aged 2 to 7 were recruited. 57.5% preschoolers were found picky eating. There was no significant difference in preschoolers' picky eating behaviors among different types of feeding person. Significantly more picky eaters were found fed by carers with lower education levels. Conclusion: Preschoolers fed by feeders with lower education may have limited skill and knowledge in food choices that preschoolers may have higher chance in developing picky eating problems. Copyright © 2015 Alissa EM.
Original languageEnglish
Article number009
JournalJournal of Nutritional Medicine and Diet Care
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2015


Feeding Behavior
Hong Kong
Diet Records
Cross-Sectional Studies


Chung, L. M. Y., & Fong, S. S. M. (2015). Cross-sectional exploration on feeding practices of feeders towards preschoolers' picky eating behaviors. Journal of Nutritional Medicine and Diet Care, 1(1). Retrieved from


  • Picky eating
  • Feeding practice
  • Preschoolers
  • Feeding persons
  • Cross-sectional study