CPR knowledge and attitudes among high school students aged 15-16 in Hong Kong

Wai Wing Ada MA, Khloe Ling WONG, Yat Lung Alex TOU, Lina VYAS, Jeff WILKS

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Sudden cardiac arrest is a serious public health problem in Hong Kong, with up to 85% of victims not surviving to hospital admission. International research findings show that teaching cardio- pulmonary resuscitation (CPR) to lay bystanders can significantly improve out-of-hospital survival rates. A particular target group for CPR training and education is high school students. Since the commonest site of sudden cardiac deaths in Hong Kong occur at home, school-age adolescents are likely to be the only available bystanders in many emergent situations. Design: Questionnaire survey. Methods: This study investigated CPR knowledge and attitudes of 383 students aged 15-16 years across 18 schools in Hong Kong to understand barriers and facilitators for CPR delivery. A questionnaire pilot tested and validated by a panel of health professionals was distributed to students, using a convenience sampling methodology. Results: Most students (87%) had not received CPR training, with common reasons for not attending being lack of time, lack of interest and not sure where to attend a course. Results of Mann Whitney U tests indicated that students who had received training scored significantly (p<0.05) higher on factual knowledge and also attitudes toward CPR training than those without training. There were no gender differences. Most students reported that they would attempt to perform CPR in a cardiac arrest situation, even if they had not received training, because they believed that CPR could increase the survival rate and it was morally the right thing to do. Conclusions: Teaching CPR to Hong Kong school students is an effective way to develop the next generation of emergency first responders. 

背景:突發性心跳驟停是香港一個嚴重的公共衛生問題,無法存活到入院的受害者達85%。國際研究結果顯示,教普通的旁觀者學心肺復甦術(CPR),可以顯著提高院外心跳驟停的存活率。CPR 培訓和教育的一個特定目標群體是高中學生。由於在香港心源性猝死最常見發生在家中,在許多緊急情況中適齡青少年很可能是唯一可用的旁觀者。設計:問卷調查。方法:本研究橫跨香港18 所學校383 名年齡15-16歲的學生,探討心肺復甦知識和態度,以便認識施行CPR 的促進和障礙因素。調查問卷經過試點測試和由衛生專業人員組成的小組驗證,採用方便抽樣的方法分發給學生。結果:大多數學生(87%)沒有接受CPR 培訓,不參加的常見原因是缺乏時間,缺乏興趣,與不知道在哪裡參加課程。 曼惠特尼U 檢驗結果表明,接受了培訓的學生比那些沒有接受訓練的,在事實性知識和對CPR 訓練態度的得分顯著較高(p<0.05)。得分沒有性別差異。大多數學生報告說,即使他們沒有接受過培訓,也將試圖在心跳驟停的情況下進行心肺復甦術,因為他們相信CPR 能提高患者的生存率,這樣做在道德上是正確的。結論:教香港學生 CPR 是發展下一代緊急第一救援者的有效途徑。Copyright © 2015 Medcom Limited.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3-13
JournalHong Kong Journal of Emergency Medicine
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2015

Fingerprint

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
Hong Kong
Students
Sudden Cardiac Death
Teaching
Survival Rate
Nonparametric Statistics
Heart Arrest
Emergencies
Public Health

Citation

Ma, A. W. W., Wong, K. L., Tou, A. Y. L., Vyas, L., & Wilks, J. (2015). CPR knowledge and attitudes among high school students aged 15-16 in Hong Kong. Hong Kong Journal of Emergency Medicine, 22(1), 3-13.

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Health knowledge
  • Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest
  • Prehospital emergency care
  • Survey
  • 青少年
  • 健康知識
  • 院外心跳驟停
  • 院前急救
  • 調查
  • Alt. title: 香港 15-16 歲高中學生的心肺復甦知識和態度