Coordination of dynamical routes can alleviate traffic congestion and is essential for the coming era of autonomous self-driving cars. However, dynamical route coordination is difficult and many existing routing protocols are either static or without intervehicle coordination. In this paper, we first apply the cavity approach in statistical physics to derive the theoretical behavior and an optimization algorithm for dynamical route coordination, but they become computationally intractable as the number of time segments increases. We therefore map static spatial networks to space-time networks to derive a computational feasible message-passing algorithm compatible with arbitrary system parameters; it agrees well with the analytical and algorithmic results of the conventional cavity approach and outperforms multistart greedy search in saving total travel time by as much as 15% in simulations. The study sheds light on the design of dynamical route coordination protocols and the solution to other dynamical problems via static analytical approaches on space-time networks. Copyright © 2019 American Physical Society.
|Journal||Physical Review E|
|Publication status||Published - 17 Apr 2019|