Controlling optimal fermentation types by pH and redox potential for bio-hydrogen production

N. Q. REN, H. CHUA, S. Y. CHAN, F. L. HUA, Y. J. WANG, Yiu Fai TSANG

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapters

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This study is to understand the operational conditions of anaerobic process in continuous-flow acidogenic reactors and the optimal fermentation types to maximize bio-hydrogen production. Mixed cultures instead of pure cultures of microorganisms were employed in the fermentation process. The operational conditions of anaerobic process to control fermentation types, including pH value and redox potential (Eh) were investigated. Butyric acid-type fermentation occurred at pH > 6, propionic acid-type fermentation occurred at pH about 5.5 with Eh > -278mV, and ethanol-type fermentation occurred at pH < 4.5. The representative strains of butyric acid-type, ethanol-type and propionic acid-type fermentations are Clostridium, Bacteriodes and Propionibacterium respectively. By comparing the operational stability and hydrogen production capacity between ethanol type fermentation and butyric acid type fermentation, the optimal fermentation type was found to be ethanol type fermentation, the highest OLR reached 86,1kgCOD/m3d. However, in the operation of butyric acid type fermentation, OLR was only increased to 21kgCOD/m 3-d, it demonstrated that ethanol type fermentation was comparatively stable. The average biogas production rate of ethanol type fermentation was about 25.12 L/d, and the maximum rate reached to 29.97 L/d. Comparatively, the biogas production rate of butyric acid type fermentation was within a range of 16.22-20.36 L/d, the maximum hydrogen production rate was only 7.8 L/d. Copyright © 2007 Acta Press.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the Second IASTED International Conference on Advanced Technology in the Environmental Field, ATEF 2006
EditorsL. UBERTINI
Place of PublicationCanada
PublisherACTA Press
Pages37-42
ISBN (Print)9780889865549
Publication statusPublished - 2007

Citation

Ren, N. Q., Chua, H., Chan, S. Y., Hua, F. L., Wang, Y. J., & Tsang, Y. F. (2007). Controlling optimal fermentation types by pH and redox potential for bio-hydrogen production. In In L. Ubertini (Ed.), Proceedings of the Second IASTED International Conference on Advanced Technology in the Environmental Field, ATEF 2006 (pp. 37-42). Canada: Acta Press.

Keywords

  • Fermentation types
  • Bio-hydrogen
  • Ethanol-type fermentation
  • Redox-potential
  • pH

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