Contributions of human and environmental factors to concerns of personal safety and crime in urban parks

Kwun Ling MAK, Chi Yung JIM

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlespeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Human and environmental fear-evoking factors discourage park visitation and degrade recreational experience and enjoyment. Planners and managers have often ignored these critical issues. We conducted a questionnaire survey of 872 park users in eight urban parks in Hong Kong, representing different design, size, and socio-demographic and physical characteristics of the neighborhoods. Perception of personal safety and related park traits were examined. Landscape design and management were the most influential factors in inducing fearful feelings. Visitor-related concerns were more important than inherent park characteristics. The identified causative factors could contribute to crime prevention through environmental design to inventory safe and unsafe features in parks and develop targeted alternatives and solutions. Copyright © 2021 Springer Nature Switzerland AG.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)263–293
JournalSecurity Journal
Volume35
Issue number1
Early online date07 Jan 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022

Citation

Mak, B. K. L., & Jim, C. Y. (2022). Contributions of human and environmental factors to concerns of personal safety and crime in urban parks. Security Journal, 35(1), 263–293. doi: 10.1057/s41284-020-00277-9

Keywords

  • Visitor perception
  • Fear of crime
  • Safety concern
  • Non-safe place
  • Park design and management
  • Community-specific urban park
  • PG student publication

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