Contrasting lay theories of polyculturalism and multiculturalism associations with essentialist beliefs of race in six Asian cultural groups

Allan B. I. BERNARDO, Maria Guadalupe C. SALANGA, Susana TJIPTO, Bonar HUTAPEA, Siu Sze YEUNG, Aqeel KHAN

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11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Multiculturalism and polyculturalism are two lay theories of culture that have been associated with some similar intergroup attitudes and behaviors. But other than the studies of Rosenthal and Levy in the United States, there have been no studies that directly distinguish between these two lay theories. In this study, we use confirmatory factor analysis procedures to show that multiculturalism and polyculturalism represent two distinct latent constructs among our 1,730 participants in six Asian cultural groups (China, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Macau, Malaysia, the Philippines). Moreover, we show that essentializing race is associated with endorsement of multiculturalism (but not polyculturalism) in five cultural groups (except Hong Kong). The results provide strong cross-cultural empirical evidence for the distinction between the two lay theories and, more importantly, point to aspects of the lay theory of multiculturalism that relate to why it is sometimes associated with stronger stereotyping and prejudice toward minority cultural groups. Copyright © 2016 SAGE Publications.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)231-250
JournalCross-Cultural Research
Volume50
Issue number3
Early online dateApr 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2016

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Cultural Diversity
multicultural society
Hong Kong
Macau
Group
Stereotyping
Minority Groups
analysis procedure
Philippines
Indonesia
Malaysia
prejudice
Statistical Factor Analysis
factor analysis
China
minority
Cultural Groups
Multiculturalism
Essentialist
Asia

Citation

Bernardo, A. B. I., Salanga, M. G. C., Tjipto, S., Hutapea, B., Yeung, S. S., & Khan, A. (2016). Contrasting lay theories of polyculturalism and multiculturalism associations with essentialist beliefs of race in six Asian cultural groups. Cross-Cultural Research, 50(3), 231-250.

Keywords

  • Teaching Development Grant (TDG)
  • Lay theories of culture
  • Multiculturalism
  • Polyculturalism
  • Essentialism
  • Genetic lay theory of race