Content-based language teaching in China: Contextual influences on implementation

Philip HOARE

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlespeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


This paper reports a study of how context influences a content-based language teaching (CBLT) project in China, an approach which is fairly new in the country, in its implementation in three middle schools. It identifies three aspects of the context which have a crucial effect on classroom practice. These are the perceptions of the project and its objectives, as seen by the school principals, the parents and the teachers, who are stakeholders in the project; the curriculum content and resources; and the selection and development of the teachers. Following a discussion of these factors, the paper describes and discusses one CBLT lesson from the project. It shows how the opportunities and constraints imposed by these aspects of the context interact to bring about a mode of implementation that may be seen as unsatisfactory from a CBLT lesson perspective. It argues, however, that the implementation may be more appropriately seen in contrast to mainstream English lessons and, as such, is a legitimate and worthwhile response to the context within which the approach is implemented. Copyright © 2010 Taylor & Francis Group, an informa business.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-86
JournalJournal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2010


Hoare, P. (2010). Content-based language teaching in China: Contextual influences on implementation. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 31(1), 69-86.


  • Content-based language teaching
  • ELT in China
  • Contextual influences


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