Construction of high-resolution RAD-Seq based linkage map, anchoring reference genome, and QTL mapping of the sex chromosome in the marine medaka Oryzias melastigma

Bo-Young LEE, Min-Sub KIM, Beom-Soon CHOI, Atsushi J. NAGANO, Doris Wai Ting AU, Shiu Sun Rudolf WU, Yusuke TAKEHANA, Jae-Seong LEE

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Medaka (Oryzias sp.) is an important fish species in ecotoxicology and considered as a model species due to its biological features including small body size and short generation time. Since Japanese medaka Oryzias latipes is a freshwater species with access to an excellent genome resource, the marine medaka Oryzias melastigma is also applicable for the marine ecotoxicology. In genome era, a high-density genetic linkage map is a very useful resource in genomic research, providing a means for comparative genomic analysis and verification of de novo genome assembly. In this study, we developed a high-density genetic linkage map for O. melastigma using restriction-site associated DNA sequencing (RAD-seq). The genetic map consisted of 24 linkage groups with 2,481 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers. The total map length was 1,784 cM with an average marker space of 0.72 cM. The genetic map was integrated with the reference-assisted chromosome assembly (RACA) of O. melastigma, which anchored 90.7% of the assembled sequence onto the linkage map. The values of complete Benchmarking Universal Single-Copy Orthologs were similar to RACA assembly but N50 (23.74 Mb; total genome length 779.4 Mb; gap 5.29%) increased to 29.99 Mb (total genome length 778.7 Mb; gap 5.2%). Using MapQTL analysis with SNP markers, we identified a major quantitative trait locus for sex traits on the Om10. The integration of the genetic map with the reference genome of marine medaka will serve as a good resource for studies in molecular toxicology, genomics, CRISPR/Cas9, and epigenetics. Copyright © 2019 Lee et al.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3537-3545
JournalG3: Genes, Genomes, Genetics
Volume9
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2019

Citation

Lee, B.-Y., Kim, M.-S., Choi, B.-S., Nagano, A. J., Au, D. W. T., Wu, R. S. S., . . . Lee, J.-S. (2019). Construction of high-resolution RAD-Seq based linkage map, anchoring reference genome, and QTL mapping of the sex chromosome in the marine medaka Oryzias melastigma. G3: Genes, Genomes, Genetics, 9(11), 3537-3545. doi: 10.1534/g3.119.400708

Keywords

  • Marine medaka
  • Oryzias melastigma
  • Linkage map
  • Reference genome
  • Sex
  • Quantitative trait locus

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