Confucius institutes and China’s soft power: Practices and paradoxes

Tin Yau Joe LO, Suyan PAN

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Since China’s implementation of the Confucius Institute (CI) project in 2004, most academic works have been written on its objectives, nature, features, development, problems and challenges, especially in terms of soft power projection. Though some of them could unravel the tensions and paradoxes in the CI project, there is a paucity of in-depth and focused analysis on the related issues with a more systematic framework. Utilising Tellis et al.’s tripartite taxonomy approach to power – resources, strategies and outcomes – and integrating it with Nye’s tripartite approach to exercising power – coercion, inducement and attraction – this paper aims to fill this research gap. The findings can shed light on the tensions and paradoxes in China’s development of soft power by providing a more systematic and integrated framework for analysing the dilemmas and predicaments in the exercise of its power strategies in the global age. Copyright © 2014 British Association for International and Comparative Education.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)512-532
JournalCompare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education
Volume46
Issue number4
Early online dateMay 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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China
taxonomy
projection
resources

Citation

Lo, J. T.-y., & Pan, S. (2016). Confucius institutes and China’s soft power: Practices and paradoxes. Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 46(4), 512-532. doi: 10.1080/03057925.2014.916185

Keywords

  • Confucius institutes
  • Comprehensive national power
  • Cultural diplomacy
  • Soft power
  • Hard power