Comparison between smartphone pedometer applications and traditional pedometers for improving physical activity and body mass index in community-dwelling older adults

Shirley Siu Ming FONG, Sheung Mei Shamay NG, Yoyo Ting Yiu CHENG, Joni ZHANG, Ming Yan CHUNG, Chi Ching CHOW, Tung Ching Yvonne CHAK, Kin Yi Ivy CHAN, Duncan James MACFARLANE

Research output: Contribution to journalArticles

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

[Purpose] The effectiveness of a smartphone pedometer application was compared with that of a traditional pedometer for improving the physical activity and weight status of community-dwelling older adults. [Subjects and Methods] This study had a nonequivalent pretest-posttest control group design. Ninety-seven older adults (mean age ± SD, 60.1 ± 5.5 years) joined the smartphone pedometer group and underwent a 2-week walking intervention based on a smartphone pedometer application. Fifty-four older adults (mean age ± SD, 65.3 ± 8.7 years) joined the traditional pedometer group and underwent a 2-week walking intervention based on a traditional pedometer. The participants’ physical activity was evaluated using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire–Short Form, and their weight status was quantified by calculating the body mass index. The daily pedometer count was also documented. [Results] No significant time, group, or time-by-group interaction effects were found for any of the outcome variables. However, trends of improvement in physical activity and body mass index were seen only in the smartphone pedometer group. [Conclusion] A smartphone pedometer application might be more favorable than a traditional pedometer in improving physical activity and body mass index in community-dwelling older adults. However, further experimental studies are necessary to confirm the results. Copyright © 2016 The Society of Physical Therapy Science.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1651-1656
JournalJournal of Physical Therapy Science
Volume28
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2016

Citation

Fong, S. S. M., Ng, S. S. M., Cheng, Y. T. Y., Zhang, J., Chung, L. M. Y., Chow, G. C. C., et al. (2016). Comparison between smartphone pedometer applications and traditional pedometers for improving physical activity and body mass index in community-dwelling older adults. Journal of Physical Therapy Science, 28(5), 1651-1656.

Keywords

  • Mobile technology
  • Walking
  • Elderly

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