Stimulated by the arrival of the big data era, various and heterogeneous data sources such as data in social networks, mobile devices and sensor data for users have emerged, mirroring characteristics and preferences of data owners. These data sources are often used to construct user profiles so as to facilitate personalized services like recommendations or personalized data access. In the context of second language learning, learner data involve learning logs, standard test results, and individual learning preferences and styles. Given its attribute of reflecting the characteristics of learners, such data can be exploited to build the learner profiles. However, these data sources possibly include noises or bias, and hence influence the reliability of the correspondingly constructed learner profiles. Consequently, the inaccurate profiles may result in ineffective learning tasks that are generated by e-Learning systems. To tackle this issue, it is significant and critical to evaluate the accuracy of learner profiles. In a response to this call, we propose a novel metric named “profile mean square error” to examine the accuracy of learner profiles founded upon diverse sources. We also demonstrate how to construct various learner profiles though applying different data sources such as learning logs, standard test results, and personal learning preferences in e-Learning systems and pedagogical activities. Moreover, we conduct an experimental study among some second language learners, the results of which illustrate that the most accurate profiles are generated from multiple data sources if they are integrated in a rational way. Copyright © 2015 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
|Title of host publication||Technology in education. Technology-mediated proactive learning: Second international conference, ICTE 2015, Hong Kong, China, July 2-4, 2015, Revised Selected Papers|
|Editors||Jeanne LAM, Kwan Keung NG, Simon K. S. CHEUNG, Tak Lam WONG, Kam Cheong LI, Fu Lee WANG|
|Place of Publication||Germany|
|Publisher||Springer Berlin Heidelberg|
|Publication status||Published - 2015|
CitationZou, D., Xie, H., Wang, F. L., Wong, T.-L., Poon, C. K., & Ho, W.-S. (2015). Comparative study on heterogeneous profiling sources for second language learners. In J. Lam, K. K. Ng, S. K. S. Cheung, T. L. Wong, K. C. Li, & F. L. Wang (Eds.), Technology in education. Technology-mediated proactive learning: Second international conference, ICTE 2015, Hong Kong, China, July 2-4, 2015, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 209-218). Germany: Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
- Language learning
- Learner profile
- Profile accuracy