Comparative effects of the blue green algae Nodularia spumigena and a lysed extract on detoxification and antioxidant enzymes in the green lipped mussel (Perna viridis)

Warren R. DAVIES, William H. L. SIU, Ralph W. JACK, Shiu Sun Rudolf WU, Paul K. S. LAM, Dayanthi NUGEGODA

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21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nodularia spumigena periodically proliferates to cause toxic algal blooms with some aquatic animals enduring and consuming high densities of the blue green algae or toxic lysis. N. spumigena contains toxic compounds such as nodularin and lipopolysaccharides. This current work investigates physiological effects of exposure from bloom conditions of N. spumigena cells and a post-bloom lysis. Biochemical and antioxidative biomarkers were comparatively studied over an acute 3-day exposure. In general, a post-bloom N. spumigena lysis caused opposite physiological responses to bloom densities of N. spumigena. Specifically, increases in glutathione (GSH) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and decreases in glutathione S-transferase (GST) were observed from the N. spumigena lysis. In contrast, N. spumigena cell densities decreased GSH and increased GST and lipid peroxidation (LPO) in mussels. Findings also suggest that at different stages of a toxic bloom, exposure may result in toxic stress to specific organs in the mussel. Copyright © 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1026-1033
JournalMarine Pollution Bulletin
Volume51
Issue number8-12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005

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Nodularia spumigena
Perna canaliculus
Perna viridis
Detoxification
detoxification
Antioxidants
antioxidant
Cyanobacteria
cyanobacterium
algal bloom
Enzymes
lysis
enzyme
antioxidants
extracts
enzymes
glutathione transferase
glutathione peroxidase
Biomarkers
mussels

Citation

Davies, W. R., Siu, W. H. L., Jack, R. W., Wu, R. S. S., Lam, P. K. S., & Nugegoda, D. (2005). Comparative effects of the blue green algae Nodularia spumigena and a lysed extract on detoxification and antioxidant enzymes in the green lipped mussel (Perna viridis). Marine Pollution Bulletin, 51(8-12), 1026-1033. doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2005.01.008

Keywords

  • Nodularia spumigena
  • Detoxification
  • Antioxidative enzyme
  • Nodularin