Comparative cohort study for expansion of lateral recess and facet joint injury after biportal endoscopic ipsilateral decompression and contralateral decompression

Yip-kan YEUNG, Cheol-woong PARK, Su Gi JUN, Jung-hoon PARK, Choi Yeung Andy TSE

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Abstract

Study Design: This was a retrospective longitudinal study of patients operated on consecutively in a single center from May to October 2019.
Purpose: The aim in biportal interlaminar endoscopic decompression surgery for lumbar stenosis is to compare the clinical and radiological outcome of lateral recess decompression and facet preservation, employing ipsilateral (IL) versus contralateral (CL) approaches.
Overview of Literature: There is scant literature comparing the radiological outcome of lateral recess decompression and facet preservation via IL versus CL approaches in patients undergoing biportal interlaminar endoscopic decompression surgery.
Methods: In this retrospective study, we reviewed 37 IL and 34 CL approaches. Postoperative magnetic resonance imaging of the segment involved was carried out on the same day as the operation for comparison with preoperative imaging. Radiological assessments of recess angle, recess height, facet length, and recess dural sac diameters were compared. In addition, pre- and postoperative Visual Analog Scale (VAS) pain scores for the lower limb were analyzed.
Results: For IL versus CL approaches, we observed statistical differences in the postoperative recess angle (36.0° vs. 43.7°), recess height (4.27 vs. 5.06 mm), and the dural sac expansion ratio for recess diameter (1.54 vs. 2.17). There was better preservation of facet length in the CL approach than in the IL approach (91.9% vs. 83.7%). There was no difference in VAS improvement between the groups (69.3% vs. 63.6%).
Conclusions: Unilateral biportal decompression via the CL interlaminar approach may offer better lateral recess clearance and facet preservation than can be achieved via the IL approach. Larger-scale studies are needed for better delineation and for correlation of radiological features with clinical manifestations. Copyright © 2021 by Korean Society of Spine Surgery.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)560-566
JournalAsian Spine Journal
Volume16
Issue number4
Early online date18 Nov 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2022

Citation

Yeung, Y.-K., Park, C.-W., Jun, S. G., Park, J.-H., & Tse, A. C.-Y. (2022). Comparative cohort study for expansion of lateral recess and facet joint injury after biportal endoscopic ipsilateral decompression and contralateral decompression. Asian Spine Journal, 16(4), 560-566. doi: 10.31616/asj.2020.0656

Keywords

  • Lumbar
  • Lateral recess stenosis
  • Endoscopic decompression

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