Community participation in the decision-making process for sustainable tourism development in rural areas of Hong Kong, China

Kwun Ling Bonnie MAK, Ting On Lewis CHEUNG, Lai Hang HUI

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Examining the extent to which a community plays a role in the decision-making process in tourism planning can provide a better understanding of how tourism can benefit a community. Arnstein's ladder of citizen participation (ALCP) has been adopted by tourism scholars to understand both the nature of the participation expected of the community and the community's actual participation in tourism development. However, the literature on tourism development and community involvement is underdeveloped in the context of urban tourism, and few studies have attempted to identify the differences between the expected and actual participation of local residents. Identifying this gap reveals the reasons behind it and generates possible suggestions and solutions. The level of community participation of Tai O residents has been assessed by employing Arnstein’s framework. The results indicated the difference between the level of local residents’ expected and actual participation in tourism development. The reasons for the difference are identified, and suggestions for improvement are provided. Copyright © 2017 by the authors.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1695
JournalSustainability
Volume9
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2017

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local participation
Ladders
tourism development
ecotourism
decision-making process
Sustainable development
rural area
Hong Kong
tourism
Decision making
Tourism
decision making
Planning
China
participation
community
resident
citizens' participation
planning

Citation

Mak, B. K. L., Cheung, L. T. O., & Hui, D. L. H. (2017, September). Community participation in the decision-making process for sustainable tourism development in rural areas of Hong Kong, China. Sustainability, 9(10). Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/su9101695

Keywords

  • Arnstein
  • Citizen participation level
  • Tourism planning
  • Community participation
  • Sustainable tourism development
  • Hong Kong