Collective contributions to career efficacy in adolescents: A cross-cultural study

Fanny M. CHEUNG, Lai Yin Sarah WAN, Weiqiao FAN, Frederick LEONG, Peter C.H. MOK

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This study extended the concept of collective efficacy to supplement the variable of career self-efficacy to predict vocational exploration and commitment among adolescents. We developed a Collective Contributions to Career Efficacy Scale (CCCE) to measure adolescents' perceived contributions from parents, teachers, and peers on their career-related matters. A total of 1175 high school students from Hong Kong, Shanghai and Michigan participated in the study by completing the CCCE, the Career Decision Self-Efficacy Scale (CDSE-SF), and the Vocational Exploration and Commitment Subscale (VEC). Using multi-sample Structural Equation Modeling, we found that the effect of CCCE on VEC was mediated by CDSE. Although we found cultural differences in the overall level of the vocational measures among the Hong Kong, Shanghai, and American students, the mediation model was confirmed in all three groups of students. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)237-244
JournalJournal of Vocational Behavior
Issue number3
Early online dateMay 2013
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2013



Cheung, F. M., Wan, S. L. Y., Fan, W., Leong, F., & Mok, P. C. H. (2013). Collective contributions to career efficacy in adolescents: A cross-cultural study. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 83(3), 237-244. doi: 10.1016/j.jvb.2013.05.004


  • Career self-efficacy
  • Collective efficacy
  • Vocational exploration
  • Cross-cultural vocational development