Objective: This study established cognitive vulnerability of anxiety symptoms among high school students.
Method: A total of 72 grade 9–11 students completed measures on levels of anxiety sensitivity (AS), selective attentional processing, and anxiety symptoms annually between 2016 and 2018.
Results: Latent class growth analysis (unconditional model) showed a four-class model: High (stable) (6.94%), low (stable) (11.11%), medium (decreasing) (61.11%), and medium (increasing) (20.83%). The conditioned model controlling for the physical-concerns dimension of AS and negative attentional bias demonstrated that a two-class model consisted of a low anxiety class (n = 59, 81.9%) and a high anxiety class (n = 13, 18.1%) provided the best fit for the data. Negative attentional bias is a significant factor related to the development of anxiety trajectories.
Conclusion: Attentional bias modification to disengage from negative stimuli may serve as a potential target of intervention to reduce chronic anxiety among high school students. Copyright © 2021 Wiley Periodicals LLC.
CitationHo, S. M. Y., Zhang, Q., Lai, Y., & Dai, D. W. T. (2021). Cognitive vulnerabilities to anxiety symptoms among Chinese adolescents: A 3-year longitudinal study. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 77(7), 1700-1714. https://doi.org/10.1002/jclp.23161
- Anxiety sensitivity
- Attentional bias
- Developmental trajectory