Cognitive skills and literacy performance of Chinese adolescents with and without dyslexia

Kevin Kien Hoa CHUNG, Suk Han Connie HO, Wai David CHAN, Suk Man TSANG, Suk Han LEE

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study sought to identify cognitive abilities that might distinguish Hong Kong Chinese adolescents with dyslexia and to assess how these abilities were associated with Chinese word reading, word dictation, and reading comprehension. The cognitive skills of interest were morphological awareness, visual-orthographic knowledge, rapid naming, and verbal working memory. A total of 90 junior secondary school students, 30 dyslexic, 30 chronological age controls, and 30 reading level controls was tested on a range of cognitive and literacy tasks. Dyslexic students were less competent than the control students in all cognitive and literacy measures. The regression analyses also showed that verbal working memory, rapid naming, morphological awareness, and visual-orthographic knowledge were significantly associated with literacy performance. Findings underscore the importance of these cognitive skills for Chinese literacy acquisition. Overall, this study highlights the persistent difficulties of Chinese dyslexic adolescents who seem to have multiple causes for reading and spelling difficulties. Copyright © 2010 The Author(s).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)835-859
JournalReading and Writing
Volume24
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2011

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Dyslexia
dyslexia
Reading
literacy
adolescent
Aptitude
Students
Short-Term Memory
performance
student
Hong Kong
cognitive ability
secondary school
comprehension
Regression Analysis
regression
cause
Literacy
ability

Citation

Chung, K. K. H., Ho, C. S.-H., Chan, D. W., Tsang, S.-M., & Lee, S.-H. (2011). Cognitive skills and literacy performance of Chinese adolescents with and without dyslexia. Reading and Writing, 24(7), 835-859.

Keywords

  • Adolescence
  • Chinese language
  • Developmental dyslexia
  • Reading and spelling difficulties