Cognitive factors associated with depression and anxiety in adolescents: A two-year longitudinal study

Samuel M.Y. HO, Wai Tong Darren DAI, Christine MAK, Katy Wing Kei LIU

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlespeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background/Objective: To examine the roles of anxiety sensitivity and attentional bias in the development of anxiety and depression symptoms among adolescents. Method: 214 grade 7 to grade 10 Hong Kong Chinese students completed a package of psychometric inventories to measure levels of anxiety sensitivity, selective attentional processing, and anxiety and depressive symptoms in 2016 and then again in 2017. Results: Girls, when compared with boys, exhibited more anxiety symptoms and anxiety sensitivity in 2016. They also reported a significant increase in mean depression level from 2016 to 2017. Regression analyses revealed that the physical-concerns dimension of anxiety sensitivity, positive attentional bias, and to a lesser extent negative attentional bias were related to the development of both anxiety and depression symptoms one year later. Fear of mental incapacity could predict depression one year later but not anxiety symptoms. Conclusions: Intervention through anxiety sensitivity training to reduce somatic concerns and attentional bias modification to increase habitual attention to positive stimuli and to disengage from negative stimuli can reduce anxiety and depression symptoms among high school students. Copyright © 2018 Asociación Española de Psicología Conductual. Published by Elsevier España, S.L.U.

Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)227-234
JournalInternational Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology
Volume18
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2018

Citation

Ho, S. M. Y., Dai, D. W. T., Mak, C., & Liu, K. W. K. (2018). Cognitive factors associated with depression and anxiety in adolescents: A two-year longitudinal study. International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology, 18(3), 227-234. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijchp.2018.04.001

Keywords

  • Anxiety sensitivity
  • Attentional bias
  • Adolescents
  • Depression
  • Longitudinal study
  • Alt. title: Factores cognitivos asociados con la depresión y la ansiedad en adolescentes: un estudio longitudinal de dos años